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国家越腐败,越能拿金牌?

根据宾夕法尼亚州印第安纳大学Todd Potts的分析,2012年夏季奥运会上,清廉程度最高的15%到20%的国家获得奖牌数量较少。研究者认为原因可能是,像瑞典或英国这样控制腐败(“腐败”在这里指用公权力谋取私利,国家被逐利的精英控制)得力的国家的运动员较少使用禁药,证据是这些国家运动员因使用禁药被禁赛或取消参赛资格的比例较低。(王晨/编译)

According to an analysis of the 2012 Summer Olympics, nations within the top 15% to 20% in controlling corruption achieved lower shares of medals, says Todd Potts of Indiana University of Pennsylvania. A possible explanation, he says, is that nations such as Sweden and the UK, with high control of corruption (corruption, in this context, meaning the exercise of public power for private gain, as well as “capture” of the state by elites and private interests), appear to have lower rates of doping among their athletes, as evidenced by lower rates of suspensions and disqualifications for doping violations.

原文请见:Incorrupt Nations Fare More Poorly in the Olympics